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Electric Cars – ...

February 19, 2015 18:30

Green is the new cool in the auto industry globally and all the carmakers are working on different eco-friendly technologies. The concept isn’t new in India, but lack of policies and infrastructure support makes it tougher to survive for green cars in India. However, the current government, aiming to reduce oil consumption and pollution, is planning to offer subsidy on electric cars in India.

The Indian Government, to encourage the electric vehicles manufacturing, announced the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020, in January 2013 that aims to develop 6-7 million electric cars by 2020. Electric cars can become a potential fuel alternative that will reduce our dependency on fossil fuel and oil, and control global climate change and pollution.

These cars derive power from a battery that consists of electro-chemical ‘cells’, usually lithium-ion and lithium-polymer cells, for voltage or electricity generation. Unlike the first generation, the new-generation electric vehicles convert the direct current (DC) to alternative current (AC) through an inverter that is further transmitted to induction motor. With so many advantages of electric cars, these vehicles have some limitations too.

Pros

Quick and Quiet

The battery-powered cars are smoother and quieter than the vehicles using internal combustion engine. The power is instantly delivered to the wheels, as you push the accelerator, offering pleasing driving experience.

Cost-effective  

Despite having advanced technology, the electric cars cost lesser than the conventional vehicles. Moreover, the available subsidy, tax incentives and mass production batteries make them more cost-effective.

Energy Efficient

The electric cars are more energy efficient than the vehicles running on other fuels. As per a research, the battery-powered vehicles convert nearly 60% of electrical energy, delivered from the power grid, and transmit it to the wheels. 

Convenient to recharge/ refuel

With an electric car, you don’t need to wait in gas station queue. You can simply recharge its battery at home or workplace.

No Emissions

The electrically powered vehicles have a green energy source. Their emission level is negligible in comparison to the conventional vehicles.                                                  

Safe to drive

On safety ground, the electric cars are equally safe as the internal combustion engine powered vehicles. There are airbags, for accidental safety purpose, but one must note that it may vary model-wise.  

Low maintenance

The maintenance of electric cars is least expensive, as they don’t require engine lubrication and other engine repairs.

Cons

Limited Range

Most electric cars have nearly 80-100 miles of range, though, the range of batteries is improving year-by-year.

Recharge Stations

Except for few cities in the world, electric refueling stations are still under development.

Longer Refueling Time

The batter-powered cars, usually, take 4-6 hours to get fully charged.

Battery Replacement

The electric cars’ batteries need to be replaced in every 3-10 years.

Uninterested Consumers

Consumers still prefer conventional vehicles over the electric cars.

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