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ABS & EBD - Anti Lock Braking System VS. Electroni...

20 April 2015, 05:20 PM

While going through the catalogue of any new car, people generally come across the terms Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) and Electronic Brake-force Distribution System (EBD) in the safety features. Almost all of us are aware of such terms but only a handful knows what exactly they mean and how exactly they strengthen the safety department of a vehicle. These features are present in a number of vehicles from the hatchback, sedan, compact Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV) and Multi-Purpose Vehicle (MPV) segments of the domestic market. To do an analogy between ABS and EBD, let us attempt to understand both the topics differently.

  1. Anti-lock Braking System: This brake system is either a standard or optional feature in various models. Their functionality is completely different from that of the regular brakes and these are considered much safer for the occupants. The ABS is specially designed to prevent any amount of skidding while the brakes are applied in the car at any speed. These types of brakes allow the driver to fully control the steering of the car when maximal force is applied to the brake pedal. The system makes use of electronic controls, which regulate the operation and movement of each wheel during deceleration. The system works by sensing the rotation of each wheel and then pumps up the brakes for the driver while maintaining the wheel speed according to the optimal speed needed for instant braking.
  1. Electronic Brake-force Distribution System: This type of brake system is actually a part of the anti-lock brakes. It has recently been launched in a number of vehicles along with anti-lock brakes and has proven to be much reliable in adverse braking conditions. This automobile brake technology helps in regulating and applying the braking force needed to each wheel according to the road condition, vehicle's load and its speed. The EBD ensures how much braking force is needed by each wheel and then applies the same in order to achieve the most suitable braking impact. Usually, most of the cars have the front wheels carrying maximum load, therefore, this braking system offers minimal pressure to rear wheels in case of deceleration so that the car does not skid at all.

The Anti-lock Braking System with Electronic Brake-force Distribution System is implemented in the car to obtain the best braking impact without causing any damage to the passengers. While ABS is the overall automotive braking technology, EBD is just a part of the overall system. However, both these elements are equally important in reinforcing the safety department of the vehicles. A number of vehicles, such as Honda, Volkswagen and Nissan cars have both these features as standard. The same can be enquired through the Honda or Nissan car dealers while purchasing the particular models.

In recent times, these automotive braking technologies have deeply marked their effect on the overall performance of the vehicles. Other features, such as Electronic Stability Program (ESP), Traction Control System (TCS), Electronic Differential Lock (EDL) and Dynamic Stability Program (DSP) have also been featured in a number of cars along with the other braking systems. All of these features ensure maximum safety of passengers and allow the driver to enjoy a worry-free ride in the car.

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